Common Name: Javan chevrotain
Scientific Name: Tragulus javanicus
Javan chevrotain are thought to be nocturnal, spending the day resting in quiet, cool, shaded places.
Males have tusk-like teeth, which they use for fighting.
Female chevrotains can mate within an hour or two of giving birth, and are capable of being almost continuously pregnant.
Head – body: 50-53 cm; tail 4-6 cm
One, occasionally two young
In the wild
They mainly eat fallen fruit, including wild figs, but also the leaves and buds of a variety of plants.
Javan chevrotain are found on the island of Java in Indonesia. Their preferred habitat includes evergreen and semi-evergreen rainforest. They have also been reported in drier semi-deciduous forests.
Javan chevrotain have been described as an ‘edge’ species, because they seem to prefer areas with thick understorey vegetation, such as that along riverbanks.
When born, the young are the size of a rat, and dark brown. They can run and jump soon after birth. The young suckle only occasionally, and only at night.
Dholes (Asian wild dogs), leopards, and owls are known to prey on Javan chevrotain. Small carnivores such as martens and cats are also thought to prey on them.
Javan chevrotain are hunted and traded both as pets and as wild meat. The species is classified as data deficient, partly because there is a lack of information about how many species of chevrotain there are on Java. These chevrotain are difficult to study because they are shy, small in size and nocturnal.
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