Status Near Threatened
Size Head-body: 180-220 cm; shoulder height: 100-130 cm
Weight 265-320 kg
Gestation Presumed to be 11.5 months
Young Presumed to be 1
Life span 18-20 years in the wild; over 28 years in captivity
Little is known about what forest buffalo eat in the wild. They are known to be chiefly grazers, searching for food in open areas of the rainforests.
Forest buffalo are found in West and Central Africa, including Nigeria, Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. They inhabit areas of lowland rainforest, especially where there are more open areas for grazing. They are also found in drier forest-savannahs and coastal shrub habitats.
Female forest buffalo live with their young in herds of about 20. Not much is known about the breeding of this sub-species, but they are presumed to be similar to other African buffalo, with mothers staying with their herd to calf. Calves are able to stand after a few hours and follow their mothers but take a few weeks to be able to easily keep up with the speed of the rest of the herd.
The main threat faced by this species is from unsustainable hunting for their meat. It is thought that forest clearance may help them because they are often found browsing in open areas of forest.
Forest buffalo alternate between time spent feeding and time spent resting and ruminating (chewing food that they have swallowed then brought back into their mouth to chew further).
In the rainforests of Cameroon, these animals have been found resting in dry caves!
Raining but this meant the animals were inside and we got a good view of them.Group Organiser, 19th August 2019