Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica)

Amur tiger

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Opposite the Meerkats and entrance to Café Graze.

Fast facts

Status Endangered

Size Males: 2.5-3.3m long (including a tail). Females: 2.5m (including tail). Average tail length: 0.9-1m long

Weight Up to 300kg, males tend to be bigger than females

Gestation 3-3 1/2 months

Young 1-6 cubs (average of 2-4)

Life span 10- 15 years in the wild, up to 20 years in captivity

What do I eat?

Amur tigers only eat meat (carnivores) and will hunt different animals, mostly wild pigs and different species of deer. These large cats are also known to hunt smaller mammals (such as badgers and raccoon dogs) as well as larger animals such as brown bears (rarely adults, mostly the cubs are targeted) and Himalayan black bears.

Tigers are ‘stalk and ambush’ predators. They use their markings to stay hidden in long grass and vegetation (camouflage) to get as close as they can to their prey before they attack and try to catch their meal.

Where do I live?

Amur tigers are found in northeast China and Far East Russia, in mountainous habitats and large forested areas. The weather and temperature can vary greatly over the seasons in these areas, from mild or hot summers to bitterly cold winters with lots of snow.


Tigers are solitary animals and spend most of their lives alone. To let males know when they are in season, the females will increase the amount of times they scent mark their territory. Amur tigers are able to breed from 3-4 years old and do not have a strict breeding season as they can mate throughout the year, but Amur tigers often have cubs in the spring.

Tigers will give birth inside dens in rock crevices or in dense vegetation, the male does not have any involvement in caring for the young, as it is all done by the female. The cubs are born small, helpless and blind, but grow quickly and are almost 4 times their original size by one month old. They start to learn how to hunt at around 6 months old and will remain with their mother until they are 1 to 3 years old.


The Amur tiger is one of the top predators within its habitat, although they do face competition over food and territories from other Amur tigers and the Amur leopard.


All sub species of tigers face problems from over hunting by humans. Tigers are targeted for traditional medicines, as it is believed that their body parts can treat different ailments such as fevers and laziness. However tiger products have not been proven to have any medicinal effects. Habitat destruction is another major threat to Amur tigers due to an increased demand for land for agricultural use and for human settlements, due to an increasing human population.

Amur tigers are protected by law and by many conservation projects. It is believed the number of Amur tigers has started to recover in areas of eastern Russia, to a population of between 400-500 tigers. Work to protect tigers in their natural environment has included population monitoring, education and outreach projects for local people and anti-poaching patrols.

Did you know?

The Amur tiger was previously known as the Siberian tiger, and is considered to be the largest of the big cats.

A group of tigers is called an ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’.

There are 9 sub species of tiger. However the Caspian tiger, Javan tiger and Bali tiger are now extinct.

The tiger is the only big cat with stripes and no two tigers have the same stripe pattern.


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We have visited the zoo last Sunday, and we loved it! My 2 1/2 years old was so excited and as soon as he saw the pinguins he was even more excited! It was really cold but that didn't stop us:) he wanted to see every animal and it turned out… Read full reviewMargarida, 2nd December 2016