Golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia)

Golden lion tamarin

Just up the hill from the binturong and otters at Life among the trees

Fast facts

Status Endangered

Size Head-body: 26-33cm; tail: 32-40cm

Weight 700-800g

Gestation 125-132 days

Young 2

Life span 15 years

What do I eat?

Golden lion tamarins are omnivorous. They eat fruits, flowers, nectar, gums and small animals including frogs, snails, lizards, spiders and insects.

Where do I live?

Golden lion tamarins are only found in the rainforests in the state of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. They are adaptable and able to live in degraded and secondary forests, as long as there are enough food sources and foraging sites, and tree holes for them to sleep in.


Golden lion tamarins live in family groups, generally with between 4 and 8 members. Usually only one female per group will breed.  Golden lion tamarins usually give birth to twins. The young are carried constantly, mostly by their mother, for the first three weeks. All group members help to carry the young and will give them food when they start eating solid food.  By ten weeks they spend most of the time off the backs of their mothers.


A wide range of predators prey on tamarins, including snakes, cats, buzzards, falcons, hawks and eagles.


Nearly thirty years of conservation efforts have resulted in golden lion tamarins being assessed as Endangered instead of Critically Endangered. Conservation strategies have included captive breeding programmes, reintroductions, relocating isolated groups to a protected area and protecting some of the forests where they are found.

In the past, major threats to golden lion tamarins included habitat loss and fragmentation along with capture for pets and trade. Today, the main threat is the low population numbers and the limited possibilities for the population to increase in the fragmented and degraded forests where they live. Today, conservation focuses on reforestation and the monitoring and managing the remaining populations.

Did you know?

Golden lion tamarins usually sleep in tree holes. They will also sleep in bamboo, vine tangles and bromeliads.

This species use their long fingers to forage for prey in nooks and crannies in plants and trees.


Check our ticket prices or...

Book tickets online

Fantastic day out

We had a fantastic time at the zoo yesterday. It was the first time we had been into the tropical house, and we were so surprised to see so many animals, birds, butterflies and beautiful plants there. We packed so much in, and saw so many animals, including great views of… Read full reviewTeresa, 19th August 2018